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‘While it is easy enough to represent a ruler through a portrait or a statue, how does one go about giving a face to a nation.” Examine this statement in context of European nationalism in five points.

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Visualizing the Nation: 

(i) Artists personified the nation—portrayed nation as a female figure. 

(ii) Artist used the female allegory to portray ideas such as liberty, justice and the republic. 

(iii) Statues of Marianne were erected in public squares to remind the national symbol of unity and to persuade them to identify with it. 

(iv) Marianne images were marked on coins and stamps. 

(v) Germania became the allegory of the German nation. She wears a crown of oak leaves, as in Germany oak stands for heroism.

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