Page No. 2
1. Why 82° 30’ E has been selected as the Standard Meridian of India?
From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours. Hence, time along the Standard Meridian of India (82° 30' E) passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is taken as the standard time for the whole country. This helps in avoiding confusion created due to different local time.
2. Why is the difference between the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari but not so in Kashmir?
Kanyakumari is close to the equator, whereas Kashmir is far from the equator. As equator receives direct sunlight, the duration between day and night would hardly be felt. Kanyakumari is quite near the equator at 8°4’N, the day-night difference is hardly one hour there. Kashmir is over 37° away from the equator and so the difference in duration of day and night is more there and we feel that difference.
Page No. 4
1. Find out the number of Union Territories along the Western and Eastern coasts.
Union Territories along the
• Western Coast Lakshadweep, Diu and Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Mahe (belonging to Puducherry).
• Eastern Coast Puducherry, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
2. Find out area wise which is the smallest and which is the largest state.
• Largest State: Rajasthan
• Smallest State: Goa
3. Find out the states which do not have an international border or lie on the coast.
States which do not have International Boundary or lie on the coast are Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
4. Classify the states into four groups each having common frontiers with
States having common frontiers with
(a) Pakistan Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir
(b) China Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir
(c) Myanmar Manipur, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram
(d) Bangladesh West Bengal, Asom, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram
1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
Answer (b) Odisha
(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97° 25' E
(b) 68° 7' E
(c) 77° 6' E
(d) 82° 32' E
Answer (a) 97° 25' E
(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with
Answer (c) Nepal
(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
Answer (b) Lakshadweep
(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country.
Answer (b) Tajikistan
2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
Lakshadweep Islands lie in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
Russia, Canada, USA, China, Australia and Brazil are the countries that are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its South-East?
Andaman and Nicobar Islands lie to the South-East of India.
(iv) Which island countries are our Southern neighbours?
Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries that are the Southern neighbours of India.
3. The Sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the West but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours, but the watches show the same time because watches show standard time which is taken along the Standard Meridian of India (82° 30' E) passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.
4. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
The Indian landmass has a central location between East and West Asia.
• The trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West to the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India.
• The Deccan peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the Western coast and South-East and East Asia from the Eastern coast.
• No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has. Thus, India’s eminent position in the Indian Ocean justifies the naming of an ocean after it.