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What is the difference between prudential and moral reasons for power sharing ?

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Prudential reason
1.Power sharing is good because it helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups
2. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability ,power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order
Moral reason 
1.Power sharing is the very spirit of democracy.a democratic rule involves sharing of power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects
2. People have the right to be consulted on how they are governed

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When power is shared among many social groups, it helps in the minimizing of social conflicts. It is expected that the rule of majority with some concessions given to the minority communities can help in politically stabilising the country. This is called the prudential power sharing. However, people fail to realise that in longer run imposing the will and decisions of the majority communities may undermine the unity and integrity of the country.

When people and the government of the country realise that the feelings and interests of all the communities of the nation should be respected and taken into account is known as moral power sharing. This kind of power sharing unifies the country and establishes harmony among various communities of the nation. This is because the majority community does not dominate and the interest of every community is taken into account.

Therefore, we find that while in the prudential power sharing people stress on the better outcomes and the domination of the majority may prevail, the moral power sharing emphasise on basic values which take into consideration the opinion of each section of society.
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Prudential Reasons

(1) Prudential reasons are based on careful calculation of gains and losses.

(2) These reasons help to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.

(3) Reservation of constituencies for minorities and women in India is a prudential reason.

Moral reasons

(1) Moral reasons are based purely on moral considerations.

(2) These reasons are considered as the basic spirit of democracy.

(iii) Decentralisation of power in India is an example of moral reason.
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The difference between Prudential and moral form of power sharing are 

Prudential- political order is stability 

                      No arising of conflicts

                       People participation is must necessary

Moral - power sharing is valuable 

             It is the spirit of democracy

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