Draw the structure of a neuron and explain its function.

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asked Jun 28, 2018 in Class X Science by aditya23 (-1,520 points)
Draw the structure of a neuron and explain its function.

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answered Jun 28, 2018 by priya12 (-11,688 points)

Neurons are nerve cells which are the functional units of the nervous system. The three main parts of a neuron are dendrite, cell body and axon.

Dendrite: It detect information and conducts the messages towards the cell body.

Cell body: It contains nucleus, mitochondria, and other cell organelles. It maintains the growth of the cell.

Axon: It conducts messages away from the cell body and pass to the next neuron.

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answered May 30 by Natu Basic (24 points)
Functions of a neurone:- The neurone receives information from receptors as electrical impulse, at its dendritic end. The impulse then travels from dendrite to the cell body and farther along axon  to its end. At the end of the axon, electrical impulse leads to the release of some chemicals.
                These Chemicals cross the synapse and reach the next neurone. This is how nerve impulses travel through the body.Thus, neurons are important in receiving information from the surroundings and in sending it to the effector.
commented May 30 by Natu Basic (24 points)
Friends please refer to your NCERT text book of class 10 ( pg - 115)for structure of neuron

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