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(i) From the colonial period, the Maasais were bound down to a fixed area, confined within a reserve. and prohibited from moving in search of pastures.

                                                   
(ii) They were cut off from the best grazing grounds and forced to live within a semi-arid tracts prone to frequent droughts.

 (iii) Since they could not shift their cattle to places where pastures were available, large number of Ivlaasais cattle died of starvation and disease in these years of drought.

 (iv) In just two years of severe drought, 1933-34 over half the cattle in the Maasai Reserve died.

 (v) The frequent bad years led to a steady decline of the animal stock of Pastoralists.

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