Define the term Romanticism. How did it facilitate the promotion of nationalist sentiment?

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asked Oct 22 in Class X Social Science by priya12 (-10,269 points)

Define the term Romanticism. How did it facilitate the promotion of nationalist sentiment?

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How did Romanticism pave the way for Nationalism in Europe? Explain.

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answered Oct 22 by navnit40 (-450 points)

Romanticism was a movement in the arts and literature, which originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. 

(i) Critical approach towards reason and science: Romantic artists criticized the glorification of reason and science and focused on emotions, intuitions and mystical feelings. 

(ii) Folk culture as the spirit of the nation: Johann Gottfried Herder claimed that through folk songs, folk poetry and folk dances, the true spirit of nation could be popularised. 

(iii) Emphasis on vernacular language: They gave emphasis on vernacular language to recover the national spirit and to carry the modern nationalist message to large audience who were mostly illiterate.

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