The mechanical advantage of an (ideal) liver equals the ratio between-the effort arm to the load arm.
For the shears (used for cutting metals), the ‘load’ is really a formidable one. Therefore, we need a large mechanical advantage to keep the applied effort with in reasonable limits. To ensure this, the shears are made to have short blades (small load arm) and long handles (long effort arm).
For the scissors (used for cutting clothes), the ‘load’ is an almost negligible one. Mechanical advantage, therefore, here may be more or less than one. The scissors, therefore, often have blades much longer than the handles.