Solve the following by reducing them to quadratic equations:

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asked Feb 9 in Class X Maths by muskan15 (-1,926 points)

Solve the following by reducing them to quadratic equations:

(i) x4 – 26x2 + 25 = 0

(ii) z4 – 10z2 + 9 = 0

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1 Answer

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answered Feb 9 by navnit40 (-2,451 points)

(i) Given x4 – 26x2 + 25 = 0

Putting, x2 = y, the given equation reduces to the form y2 – 26y + 25  = 0

⇒ y2 – 25y – y + 25 = 0

⇒ y(y – 25) – 1(y – 25) = 0

⇒ (y – 25)(y – 1) = 0

⇒ y – 25 = 0  or  y – 1 = 0

⇒ y = 25  or  y = 1

∴   x2 = 25

⇒  x  = ± 5

or    x2 = 1

x = ± 1

Hence, the required roots are ± 5, ± 1.

(ii) Given equation z4 – 10z2 + 9 = 0

Putting  z2 = x, then given equation reduces to the form x2 – 10x + 9 = 0

⇒   x2 – 9x – x + 9 = 0

⇒  x(x – 9) – 1(x – 9) = 0

⇒  (x – 9)(x – 1) = 0

⇒ x – 9 = 0 or  x – 1 = 1

⇒  x = 9  or  x = 1

But z2 = x

∴    z2 = 9

⇒ z = ± 3

Or   z2 = 1

z = ± 1

Hence, the required roots are ± 3, ± 1.

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