Steps of construction :
(i) Take a point O in the plane paper and draw a circle of radius 3 cm.
(ii) Mark a point P at distance 5.5 cm from the centre O and OP.
(iii) Draw the right bisector at OP, intersecting OP at Q.
(iv) Taking Q as the centre and OQ = PQ as radius, draw a circle to intersect the given circle at T and T’.
(v) Join PT and PT’ to get the required tangent.
Type (II). Construction of a tangent to a circle from an external point when its centre is known.
Steps of construction :
Let P be the external point from where the tangent are to be drawn to the given circle.
(i) Through P draw a secant PAB to intersect the circle at A and B.
(ii) Join AP to a point C such that AP = DX is equal to the mid-point at AC.
(iii) Draw a semi-circle with BC as diameter.
(iv) Draw PD ⊥ BCX intersecting the semi-circle at D.
(v) With P as centre and PD as radius draw arcs to intersect the given circle at T and T’.
(vi) Join PT and PT’. Then PT and PT’ are the required tangent.