The plants and animals that live on land are said to live in terrestrial habitats: For example, forests, grasslands, deserts, coastal and mountain region.
The three types of terrestrial habitat are:
- Desert habitat — Vast regions of sand, high daytime temperatures and low night time temperatures, very little water are the main environmental factors of this habitat.
- Mountain habitat — Rocky land, snow and ice laden regions are the main features of this habitat. Temperatures in the mountains change with altitude. The lower regions are cooler whereas at higher altitudes it gets extremely icy and cold.
- Polar habitat—is extremely cold and covered with snow throughout the year. Polar bears, reindeer, penguins and very scanty plant growth survive in the cold regions.